TOEFL ITP Reading 12a Answer

Rachel Carson was born in 1907 in Springsdale, Pennsylvania.
Rachel Carson lahir pada tahun 1907 di Springsdale, Pennsylvania.

She studied biology at college, and zoology at Johns Hopkins University, where she received her master’s degree in 1933.
Dia mempelajari biologi di universitas dan zoologi di Johns Hopkins University di mana dia menerima gelar master pada tahun 1933.

In 1936, she was hired by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, where she worked most of her life.
Pada tahun 1936, dia direkrut oleh Badan Perikanan dan Satwa Liar Amerika Serikat, di mana dia bekerja hampir sepanjang hidupnya.

Carson’s first book, Under the Sea Wind, was published in 1941.
Buku pertama Carson, Under the Sea Wind, diterbitkan pada tahun 1941.

It received excellent reviews, but sales were poor until it was reissued in 1952.
Buku itu menerima ulasan yang sangat bagus, tapi penjualannya tidak bagus hingga dicetak ulang pada tahun 1952.

In that year she published The Sea Around Us, which provided a fascinating look beneath the ocean’s surface,
Di tahun itu di menerbitkan The Sea Around Us, yang memberikan pandangan menarik di bawah permukaan laut,

emphasizing human history as well as geology and marine biology.
menekankan sejarah manusia dan juga geologi dan biologi kelautan.

Her imagery and language had a poetic quality.
Penggambaran dan bahasanya sangat puitis.

Carson consulted no fewer than 1,000 printed sources.
Carson berkonsultasi ke setidaknya 1.000 sumber cetak.

She had voluminous correspondence and frequent discussions with experts in the field.
Dia memiliki banyak korespondensi dan sering berdiskusi dengan ahli-ahli di bidangnya.

However, she always realized the limitations of her non-technical readers.
Akan tetapi, dia selalu menyadari keterbatasan pembacanya dari kalangan non-teknis.

In 1962 Carson published Silent Spring, a book that sparked considerable controversy.
Pada tahun 1962 Carson menerbitkan Silent Spring, sebuah buku yang menuai kontroversi besar.

It proved how much harm was done by the uncontrolled, reckless use of insecticides.
Buku itu menunjukkan betapa banyak kerusakan dilakukan oleh penggunaan insektisida yang tidak terkontrol dan sembarangan.

She detailed how they poison the food supply of animals, kill birds and fish, and contaminate human food.
Dia menjelaskan dengan detail bagaimana mereka meracuni rantai makanan hewan, membunuh burung dan ikan, dan mengkontaminasi makanan manusia.

At the time, spokesmen for the chemical industry mounted personal attacks against Carson and issued propaganda to indicate that her findings were flawed.
Pada saat itu, juru bicara-juru bicara industri kimia melancarkan serangan pribadi pada Carson dan menyebarkan propaganda untuk menunjukkan bahwa temuannya salah.

However, her work was vindicated by a 1963 report of the President’s Science Advisory Committee.
Namun, karyanya dinyatakan benar oleh sebuah laporan Komite Pengawas Sains Presiden tahun 1963.

1. The passage mainly discusses Rachel Carson’s work
(A) as a researcher
(B) at college
(C) at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(D) as a writer

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) as a writer
(sebagai seorang penulis)

2. According to the passage, what did Carson primarily study at Johns Hopkins University?
(A) Oceanography
(B) History
(C) Literature
(D) Zoology

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) Zoology

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
She studied biology at college, and zoology at Johns Hopkins University, where she received her master’s degree in 1933.
Dia mempelajari biologi di universitas dan zoologi di Johns Hopkins University di mana dia menerima gelar master pada tahun 1933.

3. When she published her first book, Carson was closest to the age of
(A) 26
(B) 29
(C) 34
(D) 45

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) 34

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
Rachel Carson was born in 1907 in Springsdale, Pennsylvania.
Rachel Carson lahir pada tahun 1907 di Springsdale, Pennsylvania.

….

Carson’s first book, Under the Sea Wind, was published in 1941.
Buku pertama Carson, Under the Sea Wind, diterbitkan pada tahun 1941.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that in 1952, Carson’s book Under the Sea Wind
(A) was outdated
(B) became more popular than her other books
(C) was praised by critics
(D) sold many copies

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) sold many copies
(terjual banyak)

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
Carson’s first book, Under the Sea Wind, was published in 1941.
Buku pertama Carson, Under the Sea Wind, diterbitkan pada tahun 1941.

It received excellent reviews, but sales were poor until it was reissued in 1952.
Buku itu menerima ulasan yang sangat bagus, tapi penjualannya tidak bagus hingga dicetak ulang pada tahun 1952.

5. Which of the following was NOT mentioned in the passage as a source of information for The Sea Around Us?
(A) Printed matter
(B) Talks with experts
(C) A research expedition
(D) Letters from scientists

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) A research expedition
(Ekspedisi penelitian)

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
Carson consulted no fewer than 1,000 printed sources.
Carson berkonsultasi ke setidaknya 1.000 sumber cetak.

She had voluminous correspondence and frequent discussions with experts in the field.
Dia memiliki banyak korespondensi dan sering berdiskusi dengan ahli-ahli di bidangnya.

Dari kalimat di atas, sumber informasi The Sea Around Us didapat dari:
– printed matter
– talks with experts
– letters from scientists

6. Which of the following words or phrases is LEAST accurate in describing The Sea Around Us?
(A) Highly technical
(B) Poetic
(C) Fascinating
(D) Well-researched

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) Highly technical
(Sangat teknis)

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
In that year she published The Sea Around Us, which provided a fascinating look beneath the ocean’s surface, -> Fascinating
Di tahun itu di menerbitkan The Sea Around Us, yang memberikan pandangan menarik di bawah permukaan laut,

Her imagery and language had a poetic quality. -> Poetic
Penggambaran dan bahasanya sangat puitis.

Carson consulted no fewer than 1,000 printed sources.
Carson berkonsultasi ke setidaknya 1.000 sumber cetak.

She had voluminous correspondence and frequent discussions with experts in the field. -> Well-researched
Dia memiliki banyak korespondensi dan sering berdiskusi dengan ahli-ahli di bidangnya.

7. The word “reckless” in line 18 is closest in meaning to
(A) unnecessary
(B) limited
(C) continuous
(D) irresponsible

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) irresponsible
– reckless = irresponsible = sembrono, tidak bertanggung jawab
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/reckless
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/irresponsible?q=irresponsible

8. According to the passage, Silent Spring is primarily
(A) an attack on the use of chemical preservatives in food
(B) a discussion of the hazards insects pose to the food supply
(C) a warning about the dangers of misusing insecticides
(D) an illustration of the benefits of the chemical industry

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) a warning about the dangers of misusing insecticides
(peringatan tentang bahaya penyalahgunaan insektisida)

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
In 1962 Carson published Silent Spring, a book that sparked considerable controversy.
Pada tahun 1962 Carson menerbitkan Silent Spring, sebuah buku yang menuai kontroversi besar.

It proved how much harm was done by the uncontrolled, reckless use of insecticides.
Buku itu menunjukkan betapa banyak kerusakan dilakukan oleh penggunaan insektisida yang tidak terkontrol dan sembarangan.

9. The word “flawed” in line 22 is closest in meaning to
(A) faulty
(B) deceptive
(C) logical
(D) offensive

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) faulty
– flawed = faulty = cacat, tidak sempurna, salah, tidak benar
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/flawed?q=flawed
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/faulty?q=faulty

10. Why does the author of the passage mention the report of the President’s Science Advisory Committee (lines 23-24)?
(A) To provide an example of government propaganda
(B) To support Carson’s ideas
(C) To indicate a growing government concern with the environment
(D) To validate the chemical industry’s claims

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) To support Carson’s ideas
(Untuk mendukung gagasan Carson)

Ini bisa disimpulkan dari:
However, her work was vindicated by a 1963 report of the President’s Science Advisory Committee.
Namun, karyanya dinyatakan benar oleh sebuah laporan Komite Pengawas Sains Presiden tahun 1963.

error:
×