TOEFL ITP Structure 06 Answer

Latihan ini adalah tentang Word Order (susunan kata) yang paling sesuai untuk kalimat soal.

1. Hills known as land islands, or salt domes, are ______ Louisiana’s marshlands.
(A) extremely interesting features of
(B) of extremely interesting features
(C) interesting extremely features of
(D) extremely interesting of features

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (A)
Hills known as land islands, or salt domes, are extremely interesting features of Louisiana’s marshlands
Bukit-bukit yang dikenal sebagai pulau-pulau daratan, atau kubah-kubah garam, adalah fitur yang sangat menarik dari kawasan rawa Lousiana.

2. _____ of chamber music is the string quartet.
(A) The famous most form
(B) The most famous form
(C) The form most famous
(D) Most the form famous

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
The most famous form of chamber music is the string quartet.
Bentuk musik kamar yang paling terkenal adalah kuartet gesek.
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musik_kamar
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuartet_gesek

3. Not until the seventeenth century ______ to measure the speed of light.
(A) did anyone even attempt
(B) anyone did even attempt
(C) did anyone attempt even
(D) did even attempt anyone

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (A)
Not until the seventeenth century did anyone even attempt to measure the speed of light.
= No one attempted to measure the speed of light until seventeenth century.
Tidak ada seorang pun yang mencoba mengukur kecepatan cahaya hingga abad ketujuh belas.

– ‘Not until’ di awal kalimat adalah pertanda ‘inversion’
– Pola inversion: Not until + time phrase + urutan kalimat tanya
– Not until the seventeenth century did anyone even attempt

4. Alfalfa is _____ for livestock.
(A) a primarily grown crop
(B) grown primarily a crop
(C) a crop grown primarily
(D) a grown crop primarily

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (C)
Alfalfa is a crop grown primarily for livestock.
Alfalfa adalah tanaman budidaya yang ditanam utamanya untuk hewan ternak.

5. The Franklin stove, which became common in the 1790’s, burned wood ______ an open fireplace.
(A) efficiently more than much
(B) much more efficiently than
(C) much more than efficiently
(D) more efficiently much than

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
The Franklin stove, which became common in the 1790’s, burned wood much more efficiently than an open fireplace.
Kompor Franklin, yang menjadi lazim di tahun 1790-an, membakar kayu jauh lebih efisien dibandingkan dengan perapian terbuka.

6. Reinforced concrete is concrete that is strengthened by metal bars _____
(A) in it that are embedded
(B) embedded that are in it
(C) are that it embedded in
(D) that are embedded in it

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (D)
Reinforced concrete is concrete that is strengthened by metal bars that are embedded in it.
Beton bertulang adalah beton yang dikuatkan dengan batang besi yang ditanam di dalamnya.

7. The type of clothing people wear tells others a lot about _____
(A) who they are
(B) are they who
(C) they are who
(D) who are they

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (A)
The type of clothing people wear tells others a lot about who they are.
Jenis pakaian yang dikenakan orang-orang memberitahu orang lain tentang siapa mereka.

8. Most Southern states had set up primary school systems by the late eighteenth century, but only in New England _____ and open to all students.
(A) primary schools were free
(B) were primary schools free
(C) free were primary schools
(D) were free primary schools

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
Most Southern states had set up primary school systems by the late eighteenth century, but only in New England were primary schools free and open to all students.
= Most Southern states had set up primary school systems by the late eighteenth century, but primary schools were free and open to all students only in New England.
Sebagian besar negara bagian di wilayah Selatan telah membuat sistem sekolah dasar pada abad ke-delapan belas, tapi hanya di New England sekolah-sekolah dasar gratis dan terbuka untuk semua siswa.

– ‘only in’ di awal klausa adalah pertanda ‘inversion’
– Pola inversion: only in + location + urutan kalimat tanya
– only in New England were primary schools free and open to all students.

9. Fungi. ______ , do not produce chlorophyll.
(A) as such mushrooms
(B) mushrooms as such
(C) such as mushrooms
(D) mushrooms such as

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (C)
Fungi such as mushrooms, do not produce chlorophyll.
Fungi seperti jamur tidak memproduksi klorofil.

10. Seldom _____ more than twenty minutes a night.
(A) sleep giraffes
(B) do giraffes sleep
(C) giraffes do sleep
(D) giraffes sleep

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
Seldom do giraffes sleep more than twenty minutes a night.
= Giraffes seldom sleep more than twenty minutes a night.
Jerapah jarang tidur lebih dari 20 menit setiap malam.
– ‘seldom’ di awal kalimat adalah pertanda ‘inversion’
– Pola inversion: seldom + urutan kalimat tanya
– Seldom do giraffes sleep

11. _____ of the early years of space exploration was the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt in 1958.
(A) Perhaps the greatest triumph
(B) The triumph perhaps greatest
(C) The greatest perhaps triumph
(D) The triumph greatest perhaps

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (A)
Perhaps the greatest triumph of the early years of space exploration was the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt in 1958.
Mungkin kemenangan terbesar dari tahun-tahun awal penjelajahan luar angkasa adalah penemuan sabuk radiasi Van Allen pada tahun 1958.

12. Today _____ major new products without conducting elaborate market research.
(A) corporations hardly introduce ever
(8) hardly ever corporations introduce
(C) hardly ever introduce corporations
(D) corporations hardly ever introduce

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (D)
Today corporations hardly ever introduce major new products without conducting elaborate market research.
Saat ini perusahaan-perusahaan hampir tidak pernah memperkenalkan produk unggulan baru tanpa melakukan riset pemasaran yang lengkap.

13. Across the Chesapeake Bay from the rest of the state ______ , whose farms produce beans, tomatoes. and other garden vegetables.
(A) there lies Maryland’s Eastern Shore
(B) lies Maryland’s Eastern Shore
(C) Maryland’s Eastern Shore lies there
(D) Maryland’s Eastern Shore lies

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
Across the Chesapeake Bay from the rest of the state lies Maryland’s Eastern Shore, whose farms produce beans, tomatoes. and other garden vegetables
= Maryland’s Eastern Shore ,whose farms produce beans, tomatoes. and other garden vegetables, lies across the Chesapeake Bay from the rest of the state.
Pantai Timur Maryland, yang lahan pertaniannya menghasilkan kacang, tomat dan sayur-sayuran lainnya, berada di seberang Teluk Chesapeake dari bagian lain negara bagian.

– Across the Chesapeake Bay from the rest of the state = expression of place / location. Jika berada di awal kalimat -> pertanda ‘inversion’
– Pola inversion: expression of place + verb + subject
– Across the Chesapeake Bay from the rest of the state lies Maryland’s Eastern Shore

14. Acidophilus bacteria are ______ in an acid medium.
(A) those that grow best
(8) those grow best that
(C) that those grow best
(D) grow best those that

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (A)
Acidophilus bacteria are those that grow best in an acid medium.
Bakteri acidophilus adalah bakteri-bakteri yang tumbuh paling baik di medium yang asam.

15. _____ of great apes, the gibbon is the smallest.
(A) Four of the types
(B) The four of types
(C) Four types of the
(D) Of the four types

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (D)
Of the four types of great apes, the gibbon is the smallest.
Dari empat jenis kera besar, gibon adalah yang paling kecil.

16. It is difficult _____ through swamps because of tangled roots and shallow waterways.
(A) to navigate even for small boats
(B) for even small boats to navigate
(C) even small boats for to navigate
(D) even to navigate for small boats

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (B)
It is difficult for even small boats to navigate through swamps because of tangled roots and shallow waterways.
Sulit bahkan bagi kapal kecil untul menavigasi melalui rawa karena akar-akar yang berkelindan dan perairan yang dangkal.

17. A lodestone is _____
(A) an occurring naturally magnet
(B) a magnet naturally occurring
(C) naturally a magnet occurring
(D) a naturally occurring magnet

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (D)
A lodestone is a naturally occurring magnet
Batu magnet adalah magnet yang terjadi secara alamiah.

18. So complicated ____ that consumers who use a product are seldom aware of where all its components come from.
(A) today trade is international
(B) today international trade is
(C) is international trade today
(D) international trade is today

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (C)
So complicated is international trade today that consumers who use a product are seldom aware of where all its components come from.
= International trade today is so complicated that consumers who use a product are seldom aware of where all its components come from.
Perdagangan internasional saat ini begitu rumit bahkan konsumen yang menggunakan sebuah produk jarang menyadari dari mana komponen-komponennya berasal.

– so + adjective di awal kalimat adalah pertanda ‘inversion’
– Pola inversion: so + adjective + urutan kalimat tanya
So complicated is international trade today

19. The snow bunting is _____ winter birds in Canada.
(A) one most of the common
(B) the most common one of
(C) one of the most common
(D) the one of most common

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (C)
The snow bunting is one of the most common winter birds in Canada.
Burung bunting salju adalah salah satu burung musim salju yang paling umum di Kanada.

20. Nashville has _____ the capital of country music.
(A) as long been known
(B) been known long as
(C) long been known as
(D) long as been known

Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah (C)
Nashville has long been known as the capital of country music.
Nashville sudah lama dikenal sebagai ibu kota musik country.

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