TOEFL ITP Written Expressions 12 Answer

1. Ceramics can be harder, light, and more resistant to heat than metals.
(A) light
(B) resistant
(C) heat
(D) metals

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) light
– and = coordinating conjunction
– coordinating conjunction menghubungkan kata/frasa/kalimat yang identik secara gramatikal (paralel)
– harder = lebih keras = comparative adjective
– more resistant = lebih tahan = comparative adjective
– light = ringan = adjective -> tidak paralel dengan yang lain
– Bentuk yang benar: lighter

2. Not everyone realizes that the most largest organ of the human body is the skin.
(A) Not everyone
(B) that
(C) most largest
(D) human

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) most largest
– the largest = bentuk superlative untuk adjective satu suku kata (termasuk large)
– the most … = bentuk superlative untuk adjective satu dua kata tidak berakhiran -y dan tiga suku kata atau lebih
– Jadi most tidak digunakan dengan largest
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: largest

3. Mold is extremely destruction to books in a library.
(A) extremely
(B) destruction
(C) books
(D) a library

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) destruction
– extremely = adverb
– destruction = noun
– adverb hanya bisa menjelaskan (1) verb (2) adjective (3) adverb lain
– adverb tidak bisa menjelaskan noun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: destructive (adjective)

4. Sidney Lanier achieved fame both as a poet or as a symphony musician.
(A) achieved
(B) as a
(C) or
(D) musician

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) or
– Pola penggunaan both: both A and B
– both hanya bisa digunakan dengan and
– both tidak bisa digunakan dengan or
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: and

5. The horses used play polo are not of any special breed or of any definite size.
(A) horses
(B) play
(C) special
(D) definite

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) play
– The horses used play polo = subject
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: The horses used to play polo (Kuda-kuda yang digunakan untuk bermain polo)
– The horses used to play polo … adalah bentuk ringkas dari The horses which are used to play polo …

6. A tapestry consists of a foundation weave, called the warp, which across are passed different colored threads, called the weft, forming decorative patterns.
(A) consist of
(B) which across
(C) colored
(D) patterns

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) which across
– , called the warp, dan , called the weft, = non-defining relative clause, tidak apa-apa jika dihilangkan untuk memudahkan analisa kalimat
– A tapestry consists of a foundation weave which across are passed different colored threads, forming decorative patterns.
– A tapestry = subject
– consists = verb
– a foundation weave = object
– which across are passed different colored threads = relative clause, menjelaskan object a foundation weave
– which = relative pronoun / relative clause marker
– across = preposition
– Jika relative clause mengandung preposition, polanya: preposition + relative pronoun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: across which

7. The works of early American woodcarvers had many artistic qualities, but these craftsmen probably did not think of them as artists.
(A) works
(B) many
(C) did not
(D) them

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) them
– these craftsmen probably did not think of them as artists -> subject klausa melakukan sesuatu untuk dirinya sendiri -> kita gunakan reflexive pronoun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: themselves

8. Perhaps mankind’s first important musical influence were the songs of birds.
(A) first
(B) musical
(C) were
(D) birds

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) were
– Perhaps mankind’s first important musical influence = subject = noun phrase
– noun utamanya = influence
– influence = uncountable noun
– uncountable noun hanya bisa digunakan dengan singular verb
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: was

9. The techniques of science and magic are quite different, but their basic aims – to understand and control nature- they are very similar.
(A) magic
(B) different
(C) to understand
(D) they are

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) they are
– The techniques of science and magic are quite different = independent clause, sudah utuh, bisa berdiri sendiri
– but = conjunction
– their basic aims – to understand and control nature – they are very similar = dependent clause
– their basic aims = subject dependent clause
– to understand and control nature = appositive, noun phrase yang memberikan informasi tambahan pada noun lain
– ada duplikasi subject klausa dengan adanya they
– they tidak diperlukan
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: are

10. It was in a cave near Magdalena, New Mexico, when the oldest known ears of cultivated corn were discovered.
(A) when
(B) the oldest
(C) known
(D) discovered

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) when
– It = subject
– was = verb
– a cave near Magdalena, New Mexico, = object
– when the oldest known ears of cultivated corn were discovered = relative clause, menjelaskan object
– relative clause diawali relative clause marker / pronoun
– relative clause marker / pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, that
– when bukan relative clause marker / pronoun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: that

11. The fossil remains of much extinct mammals have been found in the tar pits at Rancho La Brea in Los Angeles.
(A) much
(B) mammals
(C) found
(D) in

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) much
– extinct mammals = countable noun
– much hanya bisa digunakan untuk uncountable noun
– many hanya bisa digunakan untuk countable noun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: many

12. Sharks can detect minute electrical discharges coming from its prey.
(A) can detect
(B) eletcrical
(C) coming
(D) its

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) its
– Sharks = subject = plural noun
– its = possessive determiner untuk singular noun, tidak cocok dengan subject
– their = possessive determiner untuk plural noun
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: their

13. A dark nebula consists of a cloud of interstellar dust enough dense to obscure the stars beyond it.
(A) a cloud of
(B) enough dense
(C) to obscure
(D) beyond

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) enough dense
– enough = adverb
– dense = adjective
– Pola dengan enough: adjective + enough
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: dense enough

14. Commercially honey is heated and filtered in order to stabilize and clarify it.
(A) Commercially
(B) filtered
(C) stabilize
(D) it

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(A) Commercially
– Commercially = adverb
– honey = noun
– adverb hanya bisa menjelaskan (1) verb (2) adjective (3) adverb lain
– adverb tidak bisa menjelaskan noun
– Yang bisa menjelaskan noun adalah adjective
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: Commercial (adjective)

15. The various parts of the body require so different surgical skills that many surgical specialties have developed.
(A) various
(B) so
(C) surgical
(D) many

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(B) so
– different surgical skills = adjective (different) + noun (surgical skills)
– Pola: such + adjective + noun + that
– The various parts of the body require such different surgical skills that many surgical specialties have developed.
– Bagian-bagian tubuh yang berbeda memerlukan keterampilan bedah berbeda sedemikian hingga banyak spesialisasi bedah telah berkembang.
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: such

16. One reason birds have been so successful is because of their able to escape from danger quickly.
(A) have been
(B) because
(C) able
(D) quickly

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) able
– their = possessive determiner
– possessive determiner hanya bisa digunakan sebelum noun
– able = adjective
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: ability (noun)

17. The wood of the rosewood tree is used to do fine musical instruments.
(A) wood
(B) is used
(C) do
(D) musical

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) do
– Kalimat secara arti tidak logis
– The wood of the rosewood tree is used to make fine musical instruments.
– Kayu dari pohon rosewood digunakan untuk membuat alat musik yang bagus.
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: make

18. Chemical engineering is based on the principles of physics, chemists, and mathematics.
(A) on
(B) principles
(C) chemist
(D) mathematics

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) chemist
– and = coordinating conjunction
– coordinating conjunction menghubungkan kata/frasa/kalimat yang identik secara gramatikal (paralel)
– physics = fisika = bidang ilmu
– mathematics = matematika = bidang ilmu
– chemists = ahli kimia = profesi, tidak paralel dengan yang lain
– Bentuk yang benar: chemistry = kimia = bidang ilmu

19. Ballet performers must be believable actors and actresses as well as experts dancers.
(A) must be
(B) actors
(C) as well
(D) experts

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(D) experts
– Pola: adjective + noun
– adjective menjelaskan noun
– adjective tidak bisa dibentuk plural
– expert dancers = penari-penari yang ahli
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: expert

20. Venus, the second planet from the Sun, is exactly almost the same size as the Earth.
(A) the second
(B) from
(C) exactly almost
(D) same size

Jawaban yang tepat adalah
(C) exactly almost
– Bentuk yang benar adalah: almost exactly

error:
×